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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 142-148

Randomized clinical trial to assess functional outcome and complication of surgical neck humerus fracture (two part and three part) treated by percutaneous K-wire fixation and Philos plating

1 Department of Orthopedics, Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Medical College, Amravati, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Orthopedics, Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Memorial Medical College and Hospital, Amravati, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Akash Bhakare
Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Medical College, Amravati, Maharashtra, India Instead of Neuron Institute of Applied Research, Amravati, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jodp.jodp_76_22

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Background: Proximal humeral fracture, whether caused by trauma or osteoporosis, requires meticulously planned individual treatment. The technique and devices used are determined by the quality of bone and soft tissue, age, and reliability of the patients. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the functional outcomes and complications of surgical neck humerus fractures (two part and three part) treated by percutaneous K-wire fixation and PHILOS plating. Methodology: The study includes patients with proximal neck humerus fractures (two-part and three-part) according to Neer's classification who underwent open reduction and internal fixation with a PHILOS locking plate and percutaneous K-wire fixation. Functional outcomes and complications were evaluated by the Shoulder Constant score (SCS). Patients were followed up at 1, 3, and 6 month intervals until fracture union. In this study, a total of 76 patients were chosen and divided into two groups, i.e., Group A and Group B, each comprising 38 patients. Patients of Group A were treated with ORIF PHILOS plating and patients of Group B were treated with closed reduction and internal fixation (CRIF) percutaneous K-wire fixation. Results: ORIF PHILOS plating was used on 20 (26%) of patients who had an excellent SCS. 10 (13%) patients exhibited a good grade, 5 (6%) patients had a fair grade, and the remaining 3 (4%) patients displayed a poor grade. In Group B, 12 (16%) of patients treated with closed reduction with K-wire fixation had excellent grades, 7 (9%) patients had good grades, 16 (21%) received fair grades, and the remaining 3 (4%) received poor grades. After comparing both treatments, a P value was found to be 0.0403, which shows Group A was more efficient than Group B. Conclusion: The results of our study concluded that, as compared to ORIFPHILOS plating treatment with the CRIF K-wire fixation treatment has poor functional outcomes and a high failure rate. In addition, the surgical treatment of proximal neck humerus fractures (two part and three part) in both groups showed that the PHILOS plating provides an excellent way to achieve the goal, including time of union, fewer complications, and good functional outcomes as compared to percutaneous K-wire.

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