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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 84-89

Functional outcome of volar variable angle locking compression plate in distal end radius fractures: A retrospective case record analysis

1 Department of Orthopaedics, BGS Global Institute of Medical Sciences, Kengeri, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Orthopedics, MIMS, Mandya, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
K M Pawan Kumar
Department of Orthopaedics, BGS GIMS Under RGUHS, Kengeri, Bengaluru - 560 090, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jodp.jodp_72_22

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Background: Distal end-of-radius fractures are one of the most common fractures seen worldwide, accounting for approximately one-sixth of all fractures. Closed reduction and cast immobilization have been the mainstay of treatment, but recently open reduction and plating with conventional plates have gained importance as they can be of great value in treating distal end radius fractures. This study is based on the latest innovation in this regard, the effectiveness of the volar variable angle locking compression plate in treating distal end radius fractures. Aim and Objectives: To evaluate the functional outcome associated with volar variable angle locking compression plate for distal end radius fractures and also to study the efficacy of the plate in capturing the fracture fragments. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study involving 30 patients with distal end radius fractures who were treated with open reduction and internal fixation using a volar variable angle locking compression plate. Patients admitted between November 2018 and November 2019 were included in this study. Clinical, functional, and radiological outcomes were used to assess the efficacy of the plate. Results were calculated using the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score questionnaire at the end of 1-year postsurgery. Follow-up data for all patients for 1 year were available in our medical records. The extent of the range of motion (ROM) at the wrist joint was noted. Results: 53.3% of patients had excellent results, 36.7% of patients had good results, while 10% of patients had fair results. Almost all the patients had good ROM postoperatively except two patients. One of them developed wrist stiffness and another patient had reduced ROM due to noncompliance to the treating doctor's advice. Conclusion: Our study signifies the importance fragment specific fixation of distal end radius fractures. Patients were mobilized sooner than other accepted modalities of treatment. We conclude that volar variable angle locking compression plates are superior to the other accepted modalities of treatment for distal end radius fractures.

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