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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 56-60

A prospective study on clinical outcome of primary nailing in open Type I to Type IIIA tibial diaphyseal fractures

Department of Orthopaedics, SDM College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Dharwad, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Ravi M Daddimani
Dept of Orthopaedics, SDM College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Dharwad - 580 009, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jodp.jodp_37_21

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Background and Objectives: Tibia is a superficial long bone, with one third of its surface being subcutaneous. An increasing incidence of road traffic accidents, farm accidents, gunshot wound predisposes it for open fracture. Open fractures of the tibia are the most common open long bone fractures. High-energy trauma is the primary mechanism of injury, with over 50% of cases being attributed to road traffic accidents are frequently contaminated. The treatment of open tibia fractures is still controversial. This prospective study was conducted at a tertiary care trauma center to evaluate the functional outcome and complications following primary debridement and nailing in type I to type IIIA open tibia fractures. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 patients diagnosed with open tibial diaphyseal fractures, who underwent primary debridement and fixation with intramedullary interlocking nail were included in the study and type III B, type III C open fractures were excluded. Patients were followed for a period of 12 months and assessed using Modified Ketenjian criteria and Johner − Wruhs' criteria. Results: Out of 30 patients who underwent primary nailing for open tibia fractures, 66.67% had excellent, 26, 67% good, and 6.66% of patients had fair results. 93.33% of the patients had union within 9 months and 6.66% of the cases had delayed union. Conclusion: Primary intramedullary interlocking nailing in open tibia fractures is a good treatment option, it aids early patient mobilization and early resume to work. It avoids multiple surgical procedures and promotes early fracture union.

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