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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 35-40

Can titanium elastic nails deliver a knockout punch against precontoured locking plates in handling displaced middle third clavicle fractures?


1 Department of Orthopaedics, Chaitra Hospital, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Orthopaedics, NIMRA Institute of Medical Sciences, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of Orthopaedics, Golden Jubilee Hospital, Port Trust, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
4 Department of Orthopaedics, Saisudha Hospital, Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Jameer Shaik
Chaitra Hospital, Eluru - 534 002, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jodp.jodp_36_21

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Background: Plating is the gold standard for displaced middle third clavicle fractures, which holds true at least for comminuted fractures with a fair share of complications. For displaced fractures without comminution, intramedullary titanium elastic nailing system is an emerging option which claims similar success rates with fewer complications. There is a deficit in data pertaining to prospective trials supporting such claims which has propelled us to carry out this study. This study aims to compare the functional outcome and complication rates between precontoured locking plates and titanium elastic nails for displaced clavicle fractures. Materials and Methods: A prospective cohort study carried out on 56 patients with displaced clavicle fractures without comminution treated either by nailing (with open reduction through minimal incision at fracture site) or plating, and the results pertaining to their functional outcome and complication rates were compared. Results: Nottingham clavicle score and Constant Murley score were calculated at 6, 12, and 24 months along with comparison of complication rates. Conclusion: The functional outcome scores recorded significant differences at 6- and 12-month periods between the groups, which minimized at 24 months. Complication rates were significantly different between the groups. These results of functional outcome and complication rates point toward titanium nailing as an attractive alternative to plating for a comminuted displaced middle third clavicle fractures.


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